The term transvaginal means “across or through the vagina”. The transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) is used to examine a woman’s uterus, ovaries, tubes, cervix and pelvic area. It is also known as transvaginal sonography.

How is it done?

  • You will have to lie down with your knees bent. Your legs will be covered with a sheet.
  • The ultrasound probe (wand) is covered with condom and gel.
  • The ultrasound technician or doctor will introduce the probe into the vagina.
  • The probe transmits sound waves which are reflected to create an image of the body part. This image is known as sonogram.
  • The image is displayed on the ultrasound machine. In many offices, you can see the image also.
  • The doctor will gently move the probe around the area to see the pelvic organs.
  • In some cases, a special TVS method called saline infusion sonography (SIS) may be needed to more clearly view the uterus.

Is there any risk involved in the procedure?

TVS examination is safe and provides accurate results. It may be slightly uncomfortable but will not hurt.

Frequently Asked Question

Q: How many embryos will be transferred during IVF?

A: The number of embryos transferred in the uterus depends on the age. Since the rate of implantation is lower in older women multiple embryos may be transferred. Consult with your doctor before the transfer procedure.

Q: Will IVF result in multiple pregnancy?

A: If more than one embryo is transferred, it can result in multiple pregnancy.

Q: Are there any side effects of IVF?

A: The medicines used for ovulation can cause mild pain, bloating, and nausea. This is called Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome in which the ovaries become swollen and painful.